You fight and war. James 4 is included in this fourth subdivision. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions James wrote to help them. James 4:5 “The Spirit … himself” Other possible translations: “God strongly desires the spirit that he made to live in us.” Or “The spirit that he made to live in us is full of envious desires.” See Ex. James 4. 13 Some of you say, ‘Today or tomorrow we will go to a certain city. You do not have because you do not ask God." But he has made us into his friends (Ephesians 2:13-19). .—Read, Humble yourselves therefore before the Lord, and He shall lift you up. . You do not have that authority. 2 You desire and do not have, so you murder. It is wrong to speak like that. 8 Come near to God and he will come near to you. So, these Christians no longer had the day-to-day contact with theirleaders. He will flee.—Or, he shall flee. Do you know why that happens? Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. James 4:4. 4 You are turning away from God, like a wife who has sex with other men. “God is the Lord and husband of every soul that is His;” and in her revolt from Him, and love for sin, her acts are those of an adulterous woman. Patience Until the Lord's Coming. You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. You do not have, because you do not ask. 4 What causes quarrels and what causes fights among you? 2 You want things, but you don’t get them. Let the foolish laughter at sin, which was “as the crackling of thorns” before the avenging fire (Ecclesiastes 7:6), be turned to mourning; banish the joyous smile for the face cast down to heaviness, and so await the blessedness of those that mourn (Matt. Is it not this, that your passions are at war within you? “Mortals think all men mortal but themselves;” yet who does not boast himself of tomorrow (Proverbs 27:1), in spite of a thousand proverbs; and reckon on the wondrous chance of, “That untravelled world, whose margin fades, (15) For that ye ought to say . 11 My Christian friends, do not say bad things against each other. Then he will lift you up to a good place. for “lusteth to envy,” or enviously, would imply evil and not good. Resist the devil [stand firm against him], and he will flee from you. 14 You do not really know what will happen tomorrow. Give Yourselves to God. . “Woe unto you, when all men speak well of you” (Luke 6:26), for the world, as our Lord has taught us, must “love its own” (John 15:19). For the word ‘receive’, Paul uses the word ‘prosagoge’, which means ‘introduction’. We must do good things. When you do that, you are not obeying the Law. 4. It were well that the unfaithful, addressed in James 4:4, should bear the general sentiment of this verse in mind, and not fancy such warnings of holy writ were uttered emptily, in vain. 4:9 Some people fight and argue. That is because you ask for the wrong reason. But you cannot get them. ?—More correctly thus. Click the link below for in depth comments on this verse. . We must be sorry about the wrong things that we have done. Hearken to the echo of his Master’s words. . (6) But he giveth more grace—i.e., because of this very presence of the Holy Ghost within us. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. (See Analysis of Contents.) James 4:4, ESV: "You adulterous people!Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? It is interesting to notice the sharp crisp sentences, recollecting at the same time that St. James himself fell a victim to the passions he thus assails, probably at the hands of a zealot mob. You don’t get what you want because you don’t ask God. Your life is like a cloud which appears for a short time and then it quickly goes away. But if you know that and you do not do the right thing, then you have done a wrong thing. Font Size. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. James 4:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:4, NIV: "You adulterous people, don't you know that friendship with the world means enmity against God?Therefore, anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God." (8) Draw nigh to God . instead of saying, “If the Lord will”. . . suggested apparently by those already given. (17) Therefore . .—Punctuate thus: He that speaketh evil of his brother, judgeth his brother; speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law. We will stay there for a year. Is it not this, that your passions 1 are y at war within you? .—How different is the case with you, cries St. James; you actually glory and delight in your own self-confidence and presumption, and every such rejoicing is evil. It is written in every national epic; its elements abound in the life of each individual: the slaughter in Etzel’s halls overshadows the first lines of the Nibelungen-lied; the curse of Medea hangs like a gathering cloud around Jason and his Argonauts. 2 Peter 2:14, specially the margin. We must do good things. Ye lust, and because ye have not what ye lust after ( james 4:1 james 4:2), ye envy your neighbor who has, and so the spirit of envy leads you on to "fight." (7) Submit yourselves therefore to God. Be clean in the way that you live. James 4 – The Humble Dependence of a True Faith A. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. .—A difficulty presents itself in this verse—whether the application be general, or a particular comment on the words preceding. 1 This letter is from me, James. .—Excepting “God,” instead of “Lord,” this is an exact quotation from the LXX. as accusing those who have broken their marriage vow to God. (4) Ye adulterers and adulteresses.—The phrase may seem to flow naturally after the former ones, but the Received text, from which our version was made, is wrong. version of Proverbs 3:34, which reads in our Bibles, “Surely He scorneth the scorners, but He giveth grace unto the lowly.” It is again brought forward by St. Peter (1 Peter 5:5), and seems to have been a common saying—“a maxim of the wise that had become, as it were, a law of life.”. “For thus saith the high and lofty One” (Isaiah 57:15), “I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.” (Comp. 3 Even when you do ask God, you do not receive anything. .—Referring to James 4:13, in some such a continuation of reproof as this: Woe unto you that say, . Safety is only to be found in our Lord’s own manner of petition, “Not my will, but Thine be done” (Luke 22:42). Tweet . You choose to be friends with people who are against God. But he — God, giveth more grace — To all those who, while they shun those tempers, sincerely and earnestly pray for it. 9 Be sorry about your sins and weep. .—Do not “back-bite,” as the same word is translated in Romans 1:30, and 2 Corinthians 12:20. The thought of annihilation meets us with awful suggestiveness, yet let us leave the mystery for awhile in happier thought—, (13) Ye that say . Make your minds clean. Many subjects are handled quickly and succinctly in the book. James 4:10, NASB: "Humble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you." It should be, ye adulteresses! Our Authorised version does not allow of this apparent reference to the Spirit of God indwelling His human temples (1 Corinthians 3:16; 1 Corinthians 6:19, et seq.) He that speaketh evil . English Standard Version Update. James 4:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:10, NIV: "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up." You covet but you cannot get what you want, so you quarrel and fight. 1 Peter 5:6.) He wants very much to keep us for himself.’ 6 But God will be very kind to us and he will help us. .—God waiteth to be gracious (Isaiah 30:18). “Judge not, that ye be not judged” (Matthew 7:1). English Standard Version (ESV) Bible Book List. So God will give to us all that we need. . . Surely, the penitent as well; the murderous hands “which all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten,” the hearts polluted with the most abominable lusts, may and must be cleansed; sinners and double-minded (refer to James 1:8) though they be, and both in one, the Lord of mercy will “draw nigh” to them, if they to Him: all their “transgressions shall not be mentioned,” they “shall live and not die” (Ezekiel 18:21-22). Friendship with God. Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Stop doing wrong things. Thus many understand these expressions, because God himself represented his relation to the Jews as his people under the idea of a marriage, and because the prophets, in conformity to that idea, represented the idolatry of the Jews as adultery. The text is another proof of the personality of Satan; no amount of figures of speech could otherwise interpret it. The Jerome Biblical Commentary outlines these verses as (1) root causes of conflict (James 4:1-6) and (2) remedies (James 4:7-10) (p. 374). We must be sorry about the wrong things that we have done. (Exhaustive notes, with references to most authorities, are in Alford; or an easy summary of the matter may be read in Plumptre’s St. .—Better thus: Ye desire, and have not; ye kill, and envy, and cannot obtain; ye fight and make war; ye have not, because ye ask not; ye ask and receive not, because ye ask that ye may spend it on your lusts. We receive God’s *grace. 5 With good reason, the Bible says to us: ‘God has caused his Spirit to live in us. Do not be happy but be very upset. The word for “boastings” is the same as that translated “the pride of life” in 1 John 2:16—i.e., its braggart boastfulness, not the innocent gladness of living. Like the father of the prodigal son (Luke 15), He beholds us while we are “yet a great way off,” and runs, as it were, to hasten our return. A translation of the Bible with Commentaries and Bible Studies – all written in Easy English – to help you read, understand, and apply the Bible. We will buy and sell things, and we will become rich.’ If you say things like that, listen to me. We used to be God’s enemies (James 4:4). Ye ask; he prevents an objection; q.d. (16) But now . You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. Learn how to understand almost everything you hear right now in 4 easy steps! If we say bad things about God's word or about his people, we are being like the Devil. You even kill other people. If we only want to make ourselves happy, God will not hear us. . Whence are wars, and whence fightings among you? We must listen to God. You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. … You should know that! ), Able to save and to destroy.—Life and death, salvation and utter destruction, seem to be placed in intentional contrast here. Renunciation of the world, in the Christian promise, is not forsaking it when tired and clogged with its delights, but the earliest severance from it; to break this vow, or not to have made it, is to belong to the foes of God, and not merely to be out of covenant with Him. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by Charles Ellicott has been an oft consulted resource by many a preacher! James 4:8 so clean sin out of … 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. Is it not this, that your passions are at war within you? 1 Do you know where your fights and arguments come from? The original is represented a little more closely, thus: Today and tomorrow we will go into this city, and spend a year there, and trade and get gain. “It is not our part,” said Bengel, “to judge, since we cannot carry out our sentence.” (Comp. 1905. They come from the selfish desires that make war inside you. And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. 20:5. “God,” says Thomas à Kempis, “protects the humble and delivers him; He loves and consoles him; He inclines Himself towards the humble man, He bestows on him exceeding grace, and after his humiliation He lifts him up to glory; He reveals his secrets to the humble, and sweetly draws and leads him to Himself.”, (11) Speak not evil . James says ‘Hello’. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". . “I,” said He by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:4), “will answer him that cometh to Me, according to his idols.” What greater curse could fall than an eternity of avarice to the miser, of pollution to the sensual, of murder to the violent? Many worthy people have much sympathy with David, in their effort to hold their tongue and keep “silence, yea even from good words;” truly it is “pain and grief” to them (Psalms 39:3). Song of Songs: The Beautiful Woman behind the Veil - by Sarah Ruth. Matthew 6:24; Luke 16:13.). Many a man of quiet Christian life will thank God by-and-by, when he knows even as he is known (1 Corinthians 13:12), that not a few of his prayers were unanswered, or at least that they were not granted in the way which he had desired. . 4 What causes quarrels and what causes fights among you? They are being like the Devil. “Let us not weakly slide into the treason: Whosoever therefore will be (or, wills to be) a friend of the world is the enemy of God.—The choice is open; here is no iron fate, no dread necessity: but the wrong determination of the soul constitutes it henceforth as an ally of Satan. Read James 4 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). People use this word to introduce someone to a king. Doth the Spirit, which took up His abode in you, lust to envy? Warning Against Worldliness. . Nevertheless, remember, He gave the Israelites “their desire, and sent leanness withal into their soul” (Psalms 106:15). There cannot be a passive condition to the faith of Christ: “he that is not with Me is against Me” (Matthew 12:30). (2, 3) Ye lust, and have not . .—The Apostle would reason next with the worldly; not merely those abandoned to pleasure, but any and all absorbed in the quest of gain or advancement. The good reason why not is given in the graceful interjection “brothers.” Omit the conjunction in the next phrase, and read as follows:—. # 4:9 Some people fight and argue. © MissionAssist 2020 It is the trust of the “ungodly” (Psalms 10:6, “There shall no harm happen unto me”), and the mistaken confidence of even such godly men as Job (Job 29:18, “shall die in my nest”), before the Almighty instructs them by trouble, and loss, and pain. Do they not come from your desires for pleasure that war in your members? At the end of what has been considered the second portion of this Epistle, there is a last series of rebukes. Verse 2 . Then we can receive God’s *grace. 2 You want to have something for yourself, but you do not get what you want. So, you must not judge your friends. So, you fight and you quarrel with each other. He has “no pleasure in the death of him that dieth” (Ezekiel 18:32). James 4. You lust and do not have. The Sin of Partiality. Admit you do pray for the good things you want, or, though you pray for them. (12) There is one lawgiver . . (10) Humble yourselves . As noted in the introduction, James here included a series of blunt, power-packed exhortations, running through James 4:10. Know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God?—i.e., the state of being an enemy to God, not one of simpler enmity with Him. 1. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 1. But the true brother knew “to do good,” and did it; and, returning at the end of his work, found his cell full of the radiant presence of the Lord, and heard the words of rich approval—, “Hadst thou stayed, I must have fled.”, And again, in another succession of thoughts on the text, God has no need of human knowledge; no, nor of our ignorance; “and it is a sin to shut the ears to instruction: it is a duty to get knowledge, to increase in knowledge, to abound in knowledge.” Nor must we rest therein, but (2 Peter 1:6-7) “add to knowledge temperance, patience, godliness, brotherly kindness, charity.”. Christians are brethren. . You do not have, because you do not ask. To what extent is your life directed by the knowledge that Christ is coming back? Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Occasions of well-doing lie in the abject at our doors, and the pleadings of pity in our very hearts. And thus it is that omission is at times worse than commission; and more souls are in jeopardy for things left undone than for things done. But he is kind to people who do not feel important.’ 7 So, obey God's authority. Commentary on James 4:1-10 (Read James 4:1-10) Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. If we only want to make ourselves happy, God will not hear us. James 4:2, ESV: "You desire and do not have, so you murder. Warning Against Worldliness. a parallel scripture, Romans 14:4. James 4:6 Quote from Prov. And in proof of real conversion there must be the outward lamentation, as well as the inward contrition. Font Size. in shameful contrast to this we read of many an evil-hearted prayer offered up to the Lord our Righteousness; invocations of saints for help in unholy deeds; of angels, for acts rather befitting devils of the pit; and can hardly have the conscience to reproach the heathen for supplicating their gods in no worse a manner for no better cause. But the apostolic condemnation is in no way meant to condone a vicious life, and leave it unalarmed and self-contented; for boldness in rebuke thereof we have the example of John the Baptist. . . This commentary also deals with the Bible text literally as a love song but it is in simpler English. 12 God is the one who gave his Law to people. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/james-4.html. . You speak as if you have the power to make it happen. 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